Pregnancy increases the susceptibility of women to periodontal diseases and cavities. Studies show about 60-75% of pregnant women have swollen and red gums from gingivitis. Oral health is observed in pregnancy as it affects the outcome of the mother and her newborn. Some of the symptoms you look out for include loose teeth, bad breath, cavities, soreness, toothache, and bleeding gums.
How Oral Health Care Differs For a Pregnant Woman
Dental care involves the whole oral cavity, teeth, mouth, and gums. During pregnancy, observing good oral hygiene, especially during the prenatal period, can prevent miscarriages. Oral diseases link to premature births before 37weeks gestation and complications to the baby at birth or later. Oral health differs in pregnancy in the following ways;
• In pregnancy, hormonal levels of estrogen and progesterone increase, which makes you prone to dental diseases.
• You should brush and floss your teeth more often during pregnancy as the gums are more sensitive.
• You may crave more certain foods than you did, which may contribute to poor oral health.
Common Dental Issues Pregnant Woman May Experience
• Cavities: Cavities are minor dents on the teeth surface in which bacteria can thrive and cause infection. Pregnant women are prone to having cavities that can affect them and their unborn child.
• Loose teeth: The temporary loosening of the teeth is due to increased levels of progesterone and estrogen hormones.
• Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the redness and soreness of gums which is common in pregnancy to increase the pregnancy hormones. The expectant mothers present with tenderness, redness, shiny and bleeding gums.
• Tooth erosion: Tooth erosion results from vomiting, in which the stomach acids erode the teeth. Vomiting is present in pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, and can continue to deliver. The acid tends to wear out the teeth' enamel.
The best way to understand the state of your oral health is by scheduling an appointment at your dental clinic in Richmond Hill. Contact us today to book an appointment!